- The dental specialty focusing exclusively in the inflammatory disease that destroys the gums and other supporting structures around the teeth. Periodontists and dentists can treat cases ranging from mild gingivitis to more severe periodontitis, offering a wide range of treatments, such as scaling and root planing (the cleaning of infected root surfaces), root surface debridement (the removal of damaged tissue), and regenerative procedures (the reversal of lost bone and tissue).
- Scaling and root planing is a deep cleaning below the gumline used to treat gum disease.
- Gum disease is caused by a sticky film of bacteria called plaque. Plaque is always forming on your teeth, but if they aren’t cleaned well, the bacteria in plaque can cause your gums to become inflamed. When this happens, your gums will pull away from your teeth and form spaces called pockets. Plaque then gets trapped in these pockets and cannot be removed with regular brushing. If untreated, gum disease could lead to bone and tooth loss.
- If gum disease is caught early and hasn’t damaged the structures below the gum line, a professional cleaning should do. If the pockets between your gums and teeth are too deep, however, scaling and root planing may be needed.
Information provided by ADA MouthHealthy.org